Impact of Early Marriage on Girl Child Education in Shomolu Local Government Area Lagos State

 IMPACT OF EARLY MARRIAGE ON GIRL CHILD EDUCATION IN SHOMOLU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA LAGOS STATE

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0       Background of the Study

Education is the process of becoming critic aware of one’s reality in a manner that leads to affective action. An educated man or woman understand his or her world well and deals with it effectively. Educated men and women if they exist in sufficient number would not leave the absurdities of the present world unchanged. Edukugho (2002) noted that the prosperity of a country depends not on the abundance of its revenue, the strength of its fortifications, but on the number of its educated citizens.

According to United Nations Educational Science UNESCO (2005), in all countries of the world, education is recognized as the cornerstone for sustainable development. It is a fulcrum around which the quick development of economic, political, sociological and human resources of any country revolve. The Nigeria National Policy on education (1981) indicates that education is the greatest investment that the nation can make for the quick development of its economic and political activities.

Having recognized education as an instrument per-excellence for effective national development as well as a dynamic instrument of change, it is also the basis for the full promotion and improvement of the status of individuals including girl child or woman. Education empowers women by improving their living standard. It is the starting point for women’s advancement in different human endeavor. It is the basic tool that should be giving to girl child in order to fulfill her roles as full numbers of the society. In fact, the educational empowerment of Nigeria girl child is the spring board to every other form of empowerment, political, social, economic etc. According to James (1998), if you educate a man, you educate an individual, but if you educate a woman, you educate a nation.

The term early marriage or child marriage refers to any marriage of a child younger than 18years old in accordance to Article of the Convention on the Rights of the child. UNICEF (2005) describes it as both formal marriage and informal unions in which a girl lives with a partner as if married before the age of 18. Early marriage, also known as child marriage is defined as any marriage carried out below the age of 18 years, before the girl is physically, physiologically, and psychologically ready to shoulder the responsibilities of marriage and child bearing, child marriage, on the other hand, involves either one or both spouses being children and may take place with or without formal registration, and under civil, religious or customary laws.

Early marriage is one of the key issues affecting female children below 18years of age. These occur mostly in the Northern part of Nigeria where they believe a child’s first menstrual period should the husband’s house. In some cases, these girls are even given out before they were born to a man old enough to be their father. Could this be poverty or should I say culture? Some cultural practice have led us astray, causing harm to young people who are being fed with these lies. Making child see herself like a baby making factory but funny enough they are still born into a abject poverty.

Child marriage is a fundamental violation of human rights that can have numerous adverse effects on girls social, mental, physical, health and wellbeing. It is also not a singular violation. Having free and full consent to marry is connected to the right to life, the right to health, the right to education. The right to safety and security. In addition to denying girls their right to make their own choices for their lives, it also puts them at greater risk of early pregnancy, domestic violence and sexually transmitted infections, while reducing their opportunities for education and employment.

It is also a period when the girl-child is malleable, builds and develops her personality and character. The girl-child is a biological female offspring from birth to 18 years of age. During this period, the young girl is totally under the care of the adult who may be parents, guardians or elder siblings. Very dependent on others who she models their behaviours, through observation, repetition and imitation. Her physical, mental, social, spiritual and emotional developments start and progress to get to the peak at the young adult stage. (Sutherland, 2001). The development of any society would be grossly lopsided if the girl child is not given quality education.

Education in any normal society is accepted as an instrument to power, prestige, survival, greatness and advancement for men and women. The United Nations General Assembly (2001) adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which stipulates that everyone has the right to education which shall be free atleast in elementary and primary stages. Similarly, the National Policy on Education emphasizes among other things that there will be equal opportunities for all citizens, However, Osinulu (1994) lamented that the girl-child is discriminated against in terms of education and given out to marriage early thereby denying the girl-child the required competences for community development.

Education, as earlier stated, is the movement from darkness to light (Allan Bloom), is not only about live-hood and technical skills but more importantly provides social and connectedness or aptitude which enables one to access key resources to alleviate poverty. By in treading with others, individuals acquire the social skills and personal capacities needed to access resources and opportunity’s and to form social networks for support and assistance when required in the future. Educated woman are more likely to have a say in decision-making regarding the size of their families and spacing of their children. They are also likely to be more informed and knowledgeable about contraception and the health care needs of their children.

Adolescent girls who marry outside their communities tend to lose close friendships they had formed in their parental homes, and often become quiet and subdued. This means that even where girls have developed social networks they are unable to access them from their marital community. While marriage does not have to mean that a girl’s education finishes the attitudes of parents, schools and spouses in many societies mean that it often does. Husbands of young wives are often older men, who expect their wives to follow tradition, stay home and undertake household and child- care duties. A girl may be unable to go against her husband’s wishes and the husband’s family may refuse to invest their scarce resources in the wife’s continued schooling.

Early marriage stands in direct conflict with the objectives of the millennium Development Goals (MDGs), (Mathur 2003). It threatens the achievement of the first six goals respectively, eradicating extreme poverty and hunger: achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and empowering women. reducing child mortality, improving maternal health and combating l-ITV AIDS. malarial and other diseases (UN, 2007).

When the relationship between age at marriage and development is examined, it becomes clear that later marriage is preconditioned for the attainment of desired development related goals. These include completion of school, acquisition of training for employment, and attainment of the skills and information related to the roles of citizen, family member, and consumer that are part of a successful adult-hood, (Mathur, 2003 and UNICEF, 2003).

Women are the heart of many societies. Regardless of whether they are working or not, mothers are very influential people in children’s lives. According to DFID (2005), educating girl is one of the most important investments that a country can make in its own future. Education has a profound effect on girls and women’s ability to claim other rights and achieve status in society such as economic independence and political representation. Having an education can make an enormous difference to women’s chances of finding well paid, raising a healthy family and preventing the spread of diseases such as HIV and AIDS.

UNICEF (2004) argues that it is not only the girls that pay for early marriage but that society also pays. Population pressure, health care costs and lost opportunities of human development are just a few of the growing burdens that society shoulders because of early marriage. Girl education is one of the means to address poverty and development problem. With education girls are given the chance to choose their own futures and not one chosen by their parents and guardian. Maihotra and Mather (1997) argue that there is a close link between delayed marriage and adult earning women’s economic future and their ability to participation in and contribute in the global economy are primary dependent on a rise in educational attainment, but this is impossible when the girl married early. Women who marry at early age are likely to find the sole focus of their lives, at the expense of development in other areas such as formal education, and training for employment, work experience and growth.

Early marriage can therefore be a significant barrier for communities seeking to raise education levels and break the cycles of poverty.

1.2       Statement of the Problem

Early marriage can be a violation of children’s basic right-to-childhood, to an education, to good health and to make decisions about their own lives. The physical, emotional and social effects of early marriage are varied, but one of the most common outcomes is the withdrawal of girls from formal education. Marriage does not have to mean that a girl’s education finishes. The attitudes of parents, schools and spouses in many societies mean that it often does. Husbands of young wives are often older men, who expect their wives to follow tradition, stay at home and undertake household and childcare duties. The girl may be unable to go against her husband’s wishes and the husband’s family may refuse to invest their scarce resources in the wife’s continued schooling. Schools often have a policy of refusing to allow married or pregnant girls or girls with babies to return. They believe that it will set a bad example to other pupils or that other parents will be angry to see the school go against the traditional believe.

Early and forced marriage is most prevalent where poverty, birth and death rates are high, there is greater incidence of conflict and civil strife and lower levels of overall development, including schooling, employment and healthcare. Married young girls are frequently taken out of school, are at a higher risk of HIV infection, early pregnancy and health conditions such as obstetric fistula. If she survives childbirth her children are less likely to grow up healthy and go to school, continuing the cycle of poverty for generations to come.

Marriage frequently follows school leaving. But it is not clear the direction of causation. Is it that early marriage causes girls to leave school prematurely such that those girls and their families predisposed to early marriage are less inclined to invest in girls’ schooling? The interaction between the number of years of a girl’ s schooling and the postponement of marriage is firmly established by demographic and fertility studies.

Even if they do permit girls to return, the school environment-rules, time-tables and physical conditions can make it too difficult for a girl to attend school and perform her duties as wife and mother at the same time, bullying and abuse by teachers, pupils and other parents can further reduce girls’ self-confidence and sense of security, forcing than to give up on schooling.

Generally, the causes of child marriage include, poverty, bride price, dowry, cultural traditions, laws that allow child marriages, religious and social pressures, regional customs, fear of remaining unmarried, illiteracy and perceived inability of women to work for money.

Parents who engage their children in child marriage often feel that this marriage provides their daughters with a sense of protection from sexual promiscuity and safe from sexually transmitted infections. However, in reality: young girls tend to marry older men who have lots of sexual expeditions thereby, placing them at an increased risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection. Married girls are more likely to get infected with diseases such as Human Immune Virus (HIV) or Human Papiloma virus (HPV), than their unmarried counterparts. In addition, there are consequences of engaging in child marriage, of which girls are mostly affected. Child marriage has lasting consequences on girls. These consequences range from their health, to education, to domestic violence, to social and economic development. A large percent of girls who enter into child marriage are often being compelled to by their parents, the society, their tradition, and the consequences accrued to involving in child marriage are often suffered by the girls who engage in it. There are so many consequences of engaging in child marriage and these consequences include- Health risk-Child marriage threatens the health and life of girls.

First of all, when a girl is married as a child, she cannot make the decision of when to give birth, the society propels her to give birth at such a tender age. Therefore, complications may arise from pregnancy and child birth, which are the major causes of death among adolescent girls below the age of 19 in Nigeria. Pregnant girls aged 15 to 19 are twice as likely to die in childbirth as women in their 20s and girls under the age of 15 are five to seven times more likely to die during childbirth. These consequences are due to largely to girls’ physical immaturity where the pelvis and birth canal are not fully developed. Teenage pregnancy, particularly below age 15, increases risk- of developing fistula. Married girls also have an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, cervical cancer, and malaria, compared to their unmarried peers. Child marriage does not only affect the mother’s health, but that of the child also. mothers under the age of l years old have 35 to 55% increased risk of delivering pre-term or having a low birth weight baby than a mother who is above 18 years of age. In addition, infant mortality rates are 60 years of age. In addition, infant mortality rates are 60% higher when the mother is under 18 years old. Children born to child mothers tend to have weaker immune systems and face a heightened risk of malnutrition.

Most developing countries, including Nigeria have a high rate of illiteracy and poverty, and one of the major causes of this is child marriage. Child marriage often ends a girl’s education, particularly in the Northern part of Nigeria. In line with this, uneducated girls are more prone to child marriage. Early marriage impedes a young girl’s ability to continue with her education as most drop out of school following marriage to focus their attention on domestic duties and having or raising children. Education, they say is the bedrock of the society. Without education, the female child has fewer opportunities of living her dreams, of become someone great in future of contributing positively, her own quota to the society, thereby making her prone to child or early marriage.

Girls who are involved in child marriage are more prone to domestic violence. The large age gap between the girl child and her spouse makes her more vulnerable to domestic violence and nonconsensual sexual intercourse. Girls who marry as children face severe and life-threatening marital violence at higher rates. The large age gap between the husband and the girl child increases the power and control a husband has over his wife, thereby contributing to an increase in spousal violence.

The United Nations, through a series of conventions has declared child marriage a violation of human rights. Child marriages violates a range of women’s interconnected rights such as equally on grounds of sex and age, to receive the highest attainable standard of health, to be free from slavery, access to education, freedom of movement, freedom from violence, reproductive rights, and the right to consensual marriage, and the consequences of these violations impact not oniy the woman, but her children and the society in general.

Early or child marriage results in a loss of childhood. Girls are inhibited from realizing their dreams and aspirations in life. Their rights are violated and they lose the ability to choose how their life is fulfilled. The dream of becoming someone great and influential in life is killed through child marriage, as it hinders them from pursuing their education, from getting a degree in school.

1.3       Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to identify the impact of early marriage on girl child education among school age female children in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State. The study ought to

  1. Determine the impact of child marriage on girl-child education in Shomolu Local Government Area.
  2. Examine the impact of cultural beliefs of early marriage on girls-child education in Shomolu Local Government Area.
  3. Determine the impact of early marriage of academic performance on girl-child      education in Shomolu Local Government Area.

 1.4       Research Questions

The following research questions were designed to guide the study:

  1. What are impacts of child marriage on girl-child education in Shomolu Local Government Area?
  2. What are the impacts of cultural beliefs of early marriage on girl-child education in Shomcu Locai Government Area?
  3. What are the impacts of early marriage on academic performance on girls-child education in Shorncju Local Government Area?

1.5       Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant impact of child marriage on girl-child education.
  2. Cultural beliefs will not have any significant impact on girl-child education.
  3. There is no significaht impact of early marriage on academic performance of girl-child education.

1.6       Significance of the Study

Girls would benefit from this study by learning that education is the only key to achieving greater goals in life, and this will help them in correcting the entire imbalance that had existed in girls’ education.

Parents would benefit a great deal in this study by getting to learn that women education is never a Waste, and that if you educate a man, you educate an individual but if you educate a women you educate a family (i.e a nation), and this will help change their attitudes and ignorance towards girls’ education.

Government both the federal, state and local levels would benefit greatly from this study by realizing that funds, higher access to education, poverty alleviation programs should be made available for girls’ education in all levels.

Educators, educational planners, the general public would benefit very well from this study by learning that girls are in no way inferior to men, they would also benefit by learning how to educate, guide and counsel girls in carriers, choices of educational courses.

1.7       Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the impact of early marriage on girl child education in Shomolu Local Government Area.

1.8       Operational Definitions of Terms

Early Marriage: Child marriage refers to any marriage of a child younger than 18 years old, in accordance to Article of the Convention on the Right of the Child. While child marriage can happen to both sexes, it disproportionately affects girls.

Girl Child: The girl-child is a biological female offspring from birth to 18 years of age. During this period, the young girl is totally under the care of the adult who may be parents, guardians or elder siblings.

Poverty: Poverty is general scarcity, dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. It is a multifaceted concept, which includes social, economic, and political elements. Poverty may be defined as either absolute or relative.

Education: Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research.

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Full Project – IMPACT OF PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study All aspects of development and learning are related in play, particularly the affective and cognitive domains. When children have time to play, their Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF PLAY AND PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS

Full Project – INFLUENCE OF PLAY AND PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study Young children are born with an innate urge to grow and learn (Chi, 2009). They continually develop new skills and capacities, Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF CORONA VIRUS ON THE EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILD

Full Project – Effects of corona virus on the education of preschool child Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT This study was on assessing the Effects of corona virus on the education of preschool child: A case study of   Holy Child College of Education Takoradi. The following objectives was used for successful finding of the study: Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SHOMOLU LAGOS STATE

APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SHOMOLU LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION ABSTRACT   This research investigates the appraisal of child labour on student academic performance in Shomolu Lagos State. Specifically, the study tried to; identify the personal characteristics of pupils’ and teachers in public primary school in Read more…

 

  1. PROJECT -EFFECTS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) GADGET IN TEACHING NURSERY SCHOOLS (A STUDY OF FIVE SELECTED PRE-SCHOOLS IN HONG LGA, ADAMAWA STATE)

Project – EFFECTS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) GADGET IN TEACHING NURSERY SCHOOLS (A STUDY OF FIVE SELECTED PRE-SCHOOLS IN HONG LGA, ADAMAWA STATE) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study ICT technologies present novel opportunities to strengthen many aspects of early childhood education practice such as children’s learning Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 INTRODUCTION Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as well as tertiary level. It will Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – PERCEPTION OF PARENTS ON OVER-SCHOOLING OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – PERCEPTION OF PARENTS ON OVER-SCHOOLING OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT Over-schooling at the pre-primary school is a serious violation of the provisions of National Policy on Education. It is seen as over burdening, over tasking and over tutoring of the preprimary school children. The study was Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR NURSERY/PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Factors Responsible for Poor Nursery/Primary Education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Early years in life are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. The Nursery or Early Childhood Education (ECE) comprises essential programmes and activities which are critical to holistic development, academic Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE STANDARD OF PRIMARY EDUCATION AND ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – The standard of Primary Education and its effect on Educational Development Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Education is widely regarded as the route to economic prosperity, the key to scientific and technological advancement, the means to combat unemployment, and the foundation of social equity. Primary education is a foundational level of education Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FINANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FINANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   ABSTRACT The success of my educational system is a collective responsibility of every component of the system in service to the organization, the successes of Nigeria primary education is hinged in cooperation between individual, parents, community and government, the position Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Challenges and Prospects of Primary Education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Education is widely regarded as the route to economic prosperity, the key to scientific and technological advancement, the means to combat unemployment, and the foundation of social equity. Primary education is a foundational level of education that needs to Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE EFFECT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON THE SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD

Full Project – THE EFFECT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON THE SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   ABSTRACT The study attempted to investigate the effect of pre-primary school education in the speech development of the primary school child in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. The descriptive research Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INTRODUCTION OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

Full Project – INTRODUCTION OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENT CHAPTER ONE- INTRODUCTION Background of the study Scope of the study Purpose of the study Significance of the study Research questions Limitation Definition of terms CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN PRIMARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE)

Full Project – THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN PRIMARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT This research project was on, FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN PRIMARY SCIENCES AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – AN ASSESSMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN BENIN CITY

Full Project – AN ASSESSMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN BENIN CITY Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  The theoretical case for universal pre-primary school education is strong, the practical aspect of it is weak.  This paper attempts to make a case for the practicality of pre-primary Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT The study aimed at finding out the problems and prospects of primary schools administration a case study of Kuje Area Council of FCT Abuja. Ten (10) schools were used as sample out of about thirty (30) public schools, five Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of the Study Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – ASSESSMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION PROVIDERS’ ADHERENCE TO THE PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL MINIMUM STANDARD ON EARLYCHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – ASSESSMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION PROVIDERS’ ADHERENCE TO THE PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL MINIMUM STANDARD ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT The main purpose of this study is to assess the early childhood care education providers’ adherence to the national minimum standard in Zone C (Idoma) Education Area, Benue Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY FOUR SCIENCE IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Effects Of Early Childhood Education In Academic Achievement Of Primary Four Science In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY What a nation makes of education system to a large extent will dictate the tempo of her match to Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Effects Of Early Childhood Education On Academic Achievement In Primary School In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY What a nation makes of education system to a large extent will dictate the tempo of her match to nationhood Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PRIMARY PUPILS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Long-Term Effects Of Early Childhood Education On Academic Achievement In Primary Pupils In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE 1.0       Introduction 1.1             Background of the Study 1.2             Statement of the Problem 1.3             Purpose of the Study 1.4             Significance of the Study 1.5             Assumptions 1.6             Hypothesis 1.7             Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT INVOLVEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Quality assurance unit involvement in early childhood education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Abstract Chapter One: Introduction Background of the Study Statement of the Research Problem Research Objectives Hypothesis Significance/Scope of the Study Organization of the Study Research Methodology CHAPTER TWO Literature Review CHAPTER THREE Research Design Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECT OF OVERTIME ON EARLY CHILD EDUCATION IN SOME SELECTED PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN JARLINGO

Full Project – EFFECT OF OVERTIME ON EARLY CHILD EDUCATION IN SOME SELECTED PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN JARLINGO Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Early years in life are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. The year before a child reaches Kindergarten Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – ASSESSMENT OF CHALLENGES OF GIFTED CHILDREN

Full Project – ASSESSMENT OF CHALLENGES OF GIFTED CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Gifted children sit in class rooms bored and frustrated, they are left out and are not really benefiting from an equal educational opportunity as their peers, and their full potential is not considered. Effective management of children who are gifted and Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMO STATE GOVERNMENT EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL OBJECTIVES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – Imo State Government Extent of Implementation of the National Objectives for the Establishment of Pre-Primary Education Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Early childhood education is a starting point for a child’s development and the key foundation of the Nigerian Educational System. This type of education is recognized by the Nigeria National Policy Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA

Full Project – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT   The study investigated the relationship between parenting practices and attachment styles of pupils in early childhood education in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria. The study had nine objectives; nine hypotheses were formulated and tested. The Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT   Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT   ABSTRACT The study examined the relationship between parental roles and early childhood education and its development. A detailed literature was  reviewed in relevant subheadings. The descriptive research Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – IMPACT OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT This project was designed to research into the influence of parental background on the academic performance of children in selected school impact of parents educational background on the academic performance of their children in selected schools in Kaduna south Read more…

 

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE PERCEPTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL

Full Project – THE PERCEPTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract This study was on  the perception of early childhood education pre-service teachers on sustainable development (goal 4) The total population for the study is 200 selected residents in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 TO 6 YEARS CASE STUDY GASHUA IN YOBE STATE

Full Project – EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 TO 6 YEARS CASE STUDY GASHUA IN YOBE STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract This study was on Early childhood education and the importance of play in the development of children between 1 to 6 years case Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE IMPACT OF ABSENTEE PARENTHOOD ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – THE IMPACT OF ABSENTEE PARENTHOOD ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Children’ indiscipline is a problem that has become common in most of Nigerian primary schools. However, discipline of the children in primary schools is not an aspect of the school systems alone. Parents have a role to play in Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE IMPACT OF ORPHANAGE HOME ON CHILD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

Full Project – THE IMPACT OF ORPHANAGE HOME ON CHILD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.1  Background of the Study The orphanage home is one of the numerous social institution that have emerged over the year to carter for some of the social needs  of orphanage associated with such Read more…

 

  1. CHAPTER 1-5: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE. ANAMBRA STATE.

Chapter 1-5: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE. ANAMBRA STATE. Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT The research work has undertaken to find out the strategies for improving early childhood Education Programme in Federal college of Education (Technical) Umunze, Anambra State. The study was guided by four research Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF LEARNING CORNERS ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – IMPACT OF LEARNING CORNERS ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Young children learn best by experimenting with their environment through hands-on activities and play, which is why learning corners are such a vital part of the preschool Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECT OF LEARNING CENTRES ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – EFFECT OF LEARNING CENTRES ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Young children learn best by experimenting with their environment through hands-on activities and play, which is why learning centres are such a vital part of the preschool Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

FULL PROJECT – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Every child born into this world is a unique being. Even identical twins who have the same genetic endowment grow to become different personalities. At birth, one twin could be Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT 1-5 -TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA

Full Project 1-5 -TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT   This study examined the influence of teachers’ creativity on early childhood development in Abuja FCT Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study.  The sample size for the study were  Fifty (50) Read more…

 

  1. DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION ON THE PREVENTION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN LAGOS STATE

Download the Full Project – IMPACT OF FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION ON THE PREVENTION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER TWO   REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE   This chapter will present the review of related literature on the topic, Impact of family life and sex Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION IN PRE-NURSERY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS PLUS QUESTIONNAIRE

INFLUENCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION IN PRE-NURSERY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS plus Questionnaire Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT The study examined “Influence of Classroom management in early childhood care and education in Pre-Nursery Schools in Lagos.  The objectives of the study are to: Examine teacher classroom management styles in Nursery classes; Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON THE PUNCTUALITY AND STUDY HABITS AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ETI-OSA, LAGOS STATE

APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON THE PUNCTUALITY AND STUDY HABITS AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ETI-OSA, LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION   1.1       Background to the Study In Nigeria, the main instrument for social change is western education.  Education is the surest and greatest investment which a nation can depend Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – PATTERNS AND INCIDENCE OF CHILD ABUSE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN LAGOS METROPOLIS

PATTERNS AND INCIDENCE OF CHILD ABUSE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN LAGOS METROPOLIS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Child abuse has become a global problem that needs to be tackled if children are to be given the right to education and freedom. The issue of child abuse has Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – FACTORS MOTIVATING CAREER CHOICE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

FACTORS MOTIVATING CAREER CHOICE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Career choice, for most people, is a lifelong process of engaging the work world through choosing among employment opportunities made available to them. Each individual undertaking the process is influenced by many factors, including Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE (A study of five selected Secondary Schools in Somolu Local Government Area, Lagos) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Educational leaders play important role with the intension to make teaching and learning more effective and to give quality education to students. Most Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT-SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY

SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Viral hepatitis is a term commonly used for several clini­cally similar yet etiologically and epidemiologically distinct diseases. Hepatitis A (formerly called infectious hepatitis) and Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT- SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDUCATION DISTRICT II LAGOS STATE

SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDUCATION DISTRICT II LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Secondary education plays a crucial role of preparing students for higher education and useful living in Nigeria. It is considered by many Nigerians as education that would Read more…

 

 

  1. PROJECT-INFLUENCE OF PARENTS SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND CAREER ASPIRATION IN BASIC SCIENCE

INFLUENCE OF PARENTS SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND CAREER ASPIRATION IN BASIC SCIENCE  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION This study focused primarily at investigating and examining the influence of parents’ scientific background on students’ achievement and career aspiration in Basic science. This chapter is however presented under the following sub-headings: BACKGROUND TO Read more…

 

  1. PROJECT-SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY

SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Viral hepatitis is a term commonly used for several clini­cally similar yet etiologically and epidemiologically distinct diseases. Hepatitis A (formerly called infectious hepatitis) and Read more…

 

  1. THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN NIGERIA A STUDY OF YABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Information and communication technology is becoming a ubiquitous component of the physical and social worlds occupied by young children. It is an Read more…