Associating Animation with Concrete Models in Reducing Vulnerability of Early Childhood Pupils to Environmental Hazards in Agege Lagos State

ASSOCIATING ANIMATION WITH CONCRETE MODELS IN REDUCING VULNERABILITY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD PUPILS TO ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS IN AGEGE, LAGOS STATE

Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study 

The environment in which we live in is full of dangers and risks for both children and adults. Adults have strong immune system and higher intellect which make them less vulnerable to these hazards than children. Children on the other hand are more at risk than adults to environmental hazards due to their size, physiology and behaviour. A hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat to  life, health, property, or environment. Environmental hazard is the state of events which has the potentials to threaten the surrounding natural environment and adversely affect people’s health. Hazards can be categorized into five types: chemical, physical, biological, psychological and radiation (MacCollum, 2006).

Children exist within three broad types of environments: physical, biological and social. Each affects their well-being. The physical environment is anything that comes in contact with the body. Air, for example, is in constant contact with our lungs and skin, and is a large part of our physical environment.

To define the physical environment precisely, it may be necessary to divide a large environment into smaller units, called microenvironments. For examples, in a room contaminated with radon, the radon will not be evenly dispersed; air near the floor has a higher radon concentration. Therefore, the environment of a preschooler playing on the floor would be much different from that of an adult standing in the room. These micro environments differ enormously between adults and preschools (children) in many situations.

The biological environment consists of the internal physiological workings of the body as it takes up processes and interacts with the substances it contacts. The body has specific chemical pathways used to digest, process, and excrete substances found in air, food and water. The multiple steps by which a toxic hazard may result in adverse health effects help illustrate the complexity of the biological environment.

The social environment includes the day-to-day circumstances of living in a family or other settings as well as the laws and their continued development and their different physical and biological environments, are a unique group of individuals in relation to toxic hazards. If laws, regulations, policies, and behaviour do not reflect this fact, then children may unwillingly be exposed to environment hazards.

Children are more vulnerable than adults to environmental hazard due to their size, physiology and behaviour. Children are more heavily exposed to toxins in proportion to their body weight, and have more years of life ahead of them in which they may suffer long-term effects from only exposure. Children (preschoolers) under age 5 breathe more air, drink more water, and eat more food per unit of body weight than adults do, so they may experience higher rates of exposure to pathogens and pollutants. Children at all ages, not just the very young, are at greater risk than adults. Typical childhood behaviours such as crawling and putting objects in the mouth, can also lead to increased risks. Many preschoolers and lower basic primary schools attend school without sanitation facilities, making them more likely to contact various diseases and less likely to go to preschool. The way pupils are taught can reduce their vulnerability to environmental hazards. Animation in association with concrete models driven with constructivist strategy is being seen as one of the ways through which early childhood pupils can learn about the environment through which there can be reduction in the vulnerability to environmental hazards.

This is because it enables the pupils to be taught in a play-like manner and animation provides one of the best means by which this can be done. When combined with concrete models to explain the environment, it could go a long way in reducing their vulnerability to environmental hazards. Animation provides a more optimistic view of learning than the static picture.  Hegarty (2005) documents the advantages of animations over static pictures. Compared with static images and text, animations can present procedural information (e.g. biochemical reaction steps, physiological mechanisms) more explicitly as they show the steps in an orderly manner. Hegarty (2005) mentioned that animation is used for representing the mechanical motions directly while static images could just show the motions indirectly through arrows and phase diagrams. She carried on suggesting that animations bring more realistic representations that are more isomorphic to the reality they represent Hegarty, 2005: 451). Moreover, we think animations allow representations of objects that are either too microscopic (e.g. viruses, nuclei) or even invisible (e.g. electricity current, magnetic force) for the naked eyes. Details can be viewed from angles not feasible in real life.

A number of empirical studies showed promising results animations have on learning. Trevisan, Oki and Senger (2009) compared two groups of students who used a video of traditional lecture and animation as the learning material respectively. The learning topic was about follicular dynamics, a topic in physiology. The students invited for the study were from an undergraduate reproductive physiology course in six universities in USA. An immediate one-off test was used as the evaluation instrument. The results in general showed that those used animation as the learning material got significantly higher marks.

Compared with static images and text, animations can present procedural information (e.g. biochemical reaction steps, physiological mechanisms) more explicitly as they show the steps in an orderly manner. Hegarty (2005) mentioned that animation is used for representing the mechanical motions directly while static images could just show the motions indirectly through arrows and phase diagrams. She carried on suggesting that animations bring more realistic representations that is more isomorphic to the reality they represent Hegarty, 2005: 451). Moreover, we think animations allow representations of objects that are either too microscopic (e.g. viruses, nuclei) or even invisible (e.g. electricity current, magnetic force) for the naked eyes. Details can be viewed from angles not feasible in real life.

There are, however, limitations concerning with the use of animations in teaching and learning. Designing and developing quality animations for teaching and learning can be challenging. Morrison, Tversky, and Betrancourt (2000), for example, remarked that fast-paced animations would impose difficulties to the students in observing detailed procedural information. Moreover, animations are costly and time-consuming to make. Viewing them may be time-consuming too. If a concept can be understood using a static diagram or using text, it will be time-saving.

Kesner and Linzey (2005) found no improvement on students’ learning in using animations. A learning package was developed for students to learn physiology. Animations were an important component of the learning package. The students were studying courses of human anatomy and physiology in a university in Midwestern USA. The materials were used as a supplementary learning material. The time students spent on using the learning package and their examination results were compared. The result was that use of the package did not have a significant impact on student performance (Kesner & Linzey, 2005: 211). Promising as the use of animations, there is a need to be driven with appropriate pedagogy in which students are actively involved in the learning process and that is the reason why constructivist studies that enables active construction of knowledge was employed in this study.

The issue of gender is an important one in education especially with increasing emphasis on ways of boosting manpower for technological development as well as increasing the population of females in science and technology fields (Ogunkola & Bilesanmi-Awoderu, 2000). In Nigeria, and perhaps the whole of Africa, gender bias is still very prevalent (Arigbabu & Mji, 2004). Globally, women and girls are underrepresented in almost all sectors of development including education and employment opportunities despite the fact that women constitute more than half of the world’s population (Federal Government of Nigeria, 2004). The degree of under representation differs from country to country. In most societies, especially in developing countries, women and girls are denied access to life transforming opportunity as education and are discriminated against in employment opportunities, job securities and other benefits available to their male counterparts (Okoli, 2011).

In Nigeria in spite of government huge financial investments on education, introduction of nine years free and compulsory basic education for all children of school age (FME, 2004) and determination to promote gender equity in science and technology education at all levels of the education system (FMST, 1986) gender disparity in access to education and employment opportunities still exist.

Several research reports (Ayeobasan, 2012; Nwagbo and Okoro, 2011; Okoli, 2011) indicate that gender gaps exist in science and technology education and employment opportunities in Nigeria. The reports further stated that Women and girls are underrepresented in some fields, and the few women and girls that venture into such fields are discriminated against in employment opportunities. Okebukola (2004) reported that in spite of the fact that 50% of the population of Nigeria is women only 11% of personnel in science, technology and engineering professions are women.

Ogunleye (1999) asserted that despite the fact that women form more than 50% of the Nigerian population according to the 1991 census figures; women (girls) still under achieved and are underrepresented in science, mathematics and technology education. There underachievement was seen from their performances in externally conducted examination (West African School Certificate Examination). However, Ogunkola and Bilesanmi-Awoderu (2000); Bilesanmi-Awoderu (2002); Pandian (2004); Oludipe (2012); Ajaja and Urhievwejire (2012), reported that there are no distinguishing differences in the cognitive, affective and psychomotor skill achievements of students in respect to gender. It is against the inconsistency in gender studies that this study considered gender as a moderator variable in this study.

1.2       Statement of the Problem

The environment is the place that encompasses where pupils learn and play. Most of the Early Childhood school centres in Agege Local Government Area of Lagos State are situated near uncovered canal where dirty and bloody water from abattoir flows which makes Early Childhood pupils to be inhaling contaminated oxygen in addition to exposure to auto emissions and lead. Also, some of these schools are situated near uncovered canal and do experience flooding during rainy season and some Early Childhood pupils are carried away on a yearly basis. Most of the schools in Agege Local Government Area do not have good drinking water and toilets which can result into cholera, dysentery, diarrrhoea and other epidemic diseases.

Early Childhood pupils learn mostly through visual means. Animation in association with concrete models driven by  constructivist strategy provides a good way of learning through visual means especially when concrete models which reflect what happens in the environment are incorporated into the teaching and learning of Early Childhood pupils. The extent to which an association of animation with concrete models driven with constructivist strategy is effective in reducing the vulnerability of Early Childhood pupils to environmental hazards is not well understood. Thus, the study investigated the effect of animation in association with concrete models driven with constructivist learning strategy in reducing the vulnerability of Early Childhood pupils to Environmental Hazards in Agege Local Government Area in Lagos state.

 1.3       Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to determine the association of animation with concrete models driven with constructivist learning strategy in reducing the vulnerability of Early Childhood pupils to environmental hazards. Specifically, the objectives are to:

  • Ascertain the nature of environmental hazards that Early Childhood pupils are exposed to
  • Determine the effect of treatment on Early Childhood pupils reduction in vulnerability to environmental hazards
  • Assess the effect of pupils’ gender in reduction of vulnerability to environmental hazards
  • Ascertain the interaction effect of treatment and gender in the reduction of vulnerability to environmental hazards
  • To suggest preventive measures in the reduction of Early Childhood pupils’ vulnerability to environmental hazards

 1.4       Research Questions

  1. What is the nature of environmental hazards that Early Childhood pupils are exposed to?
  2. What is the effect of treatment on Early Childhood pupils’ reduction of vulnerability to environmental hazards?
  3. What is the effect of gender on Early Childhood pupils’ reduction of vulnerability to environmental hazards?
  4. What is the interaction effect of treatment and gender on Early Childhood pupils’ reduction of vulnerability to environmental hazards?
  5. What are the suggested preventive measures in the reduction of Early Childhood pupils’ vulnerability to environmental hazards?

 1.5       Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant main effect of treatment (animation with concrete models) on Early Childhood school pupils’ reduction in vulnerability to environmental hazards.
  2. There is no significant main effect of gender on Early Childhood school pupils’ reduction in vulnerability to environmental hazards.
  3. There is no significant interaction effect of treatment and gender on Early Childhood school pupils’ reduction in vulnerability to environmental hazards.

1.6       Significance of the Study

This research will be of immense benefit to parents, teachers and policy makers in that it enables them to know how vulnerable preschool pupils are to environment hazards as a result, it enables them to embark on preventive measures at all times so that preschool pupils will experience healthy growth and development.

This study will give parents the consciousness of taking good care of their children particularly the parents who are so engaged and who commit most of their time to work or to business. It is also significant nowadays because it will caution and enlighten teachers in day-care centres where they give preschool pupils valium and other drugs to make them sleep.

The study will enlighten the Nigerian Government to monitor and supervise any awarded project or contract given to contractors to ensure that they do it according to specified standards. A case study is the uncovered canal in Agege Local Government Area of Lagos State. Also, it will enable the Nigerian Government to know that they are yet to fulfill many of their promises to Nigerians by providing social amenities particularly for schools. These social amenities include good and safe drinking water, construction of good schools at appropriate sites etc.The significance of this research also lies in the fact that it focuses on an area where parents and teachers pay little attention to.

1.7       Scope of the Study

Collection of data for this project was limited to Early Childhood pupils’ teachers in Agege LGA of Lagos State. The study was also restricted to the effect of animation in association with concrete in reducing the vulnerability of Early Childhood pupils to environmental hazards as well as building the effect of gender into the study as well as preschool teachers from public and private schools. Nature of environmental hazards and suggestive prevention of environmental hazards also formed part of the study.

 1.8       Definitions of Terms

The definitions of terms that will be used in this research study are presented below:

Vulnerability: This can be defined as being easily wounded or harmed.

Animation with Concrete Models Learning Strategy: This is a learning strategy facilitated by the use of animations with concrete models to promote learning of environmental concepts in pupils so as to reduce their vulnerability to environmental hazards.

Concrete Models: These are drawings or pictures used to convey information on environmental concepts to Early Childhood pupils

Early Childhood school Pupils: This can be defined as young learners in lower basic primary schools not exceeding the age of 8.

Project Overview

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  1. FULL PROJECT – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 INTRODUCTION Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as well as tertiary level. It will Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – PERCEPTION OF PARENTS ON OVER-SCHOOLING OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – PERCEPTION OF PARENTS ON OVER-SCHOOLING OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT Over-schooling at the pre-primary school is a serious violation of the provisions of National Policy on Education. It is seen as over burdening, over tasking and over tutoring of the preprimary school children. The study was Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR NURSERY/PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Factors Responsible for Poor Nursery/Primary Education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Early years in life are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. The Nursery or Early Childhood Education (ECE) comprises essential programmes and activities which are critical to holistic development, academic Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE STANDARD OF PRIMARY EDUCATION AND ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – The standard of Primary Education and its effect on Educational Development Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Education is widely regarded as the route to economic prosperity, the key to scientific and technological advancement, the means to combat unemployment, and the foundation of social equity. Primary education is a foundational level of education Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FINANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FINANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   ABSTRACT The success of my educational system is a collective responsibility of every component of the system in service to the organization, the successes of Nigeria primary education is hinged in cooperation between individual, parents, community and government, the position Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Challenges and Prospects of Primary Education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Education is widely regarded as the route to economic prosperity, the key to scientific and technological advancement, the means to combat unemployment, and the foundation of social equity. Primary education is a foundational level of education that needs to Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE EFFECT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON THE SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD

Full Project – THE EFFECT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON THE SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   ABSTRACT The study attempted to investigate the effect of pre-primary school education in the speech development of the primary school child in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. The descriptive research Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INTRODUCTION OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

Full Project – INTRODUCTION OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENT CHAPTER ONE- INTRODUCTION Background of the study Scope of the study Purpose of the study Significance of the study Research questions Limitation Definition of terms CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN PRIMARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE)

Full Project – THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN PRIMARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT This research project was on, FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN PRIMARY SCIENCES AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – AN ASSESSMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN BENIN CITY

Full Project – AN ASSESSMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN BENIN CITY Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  The theoretical case for universal pre-primary school education is strong, the practical aspect of it is weak.  This paper attempts to make a case for the practicality of pre-primary Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT The study aimed at finding out the problems and prospects of primary schools administration a case study of Kuje Area Council of FCT Abuja. Ten (10) schools were used as sample out of about thirty (30) public schools, five Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of the Study Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – ASSESSMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION PROVIDERS’ ADHERENCE TO THE PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL MINIMUM STANDARD ON EARLYCHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – ASSESSMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION PROVIDERS’ ADHERENCE TO THE PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL MINIMUM STANDARD ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT The main purpose of this study is to assess the early childhood care education providers’ adherence to the national minimum standard in Zone C (Idoma) Education Area, Benue Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY FOUR SCIENCE IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Effects Of Early Childhood Education In Academic Achievement Of Primary Four Science In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY What a nation makes of education system to a large extent will dictate the tempo of her match to Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Effects Of Early Childhood Education On Academic Achievement In Primary School In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY What a nation makes of education system to a large extent will dictate the tempo of her match to nationhood Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PRIMARY PUPILS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Long-Term Effects Of Early Childhood Education On Academic Achievement In Primary Pupils In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE 1.0       Introduction 1.1             Background of the Study 1.2             Statement of the Problem 1.3             Purpose of the Study 1.4             Significance of the Study 1.5             Assumptions 1.6             Hypothesis 1.7             Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT INVOLVEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Quality assurance unit involvement in early childhood education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Abstract Chapter One: Introduction Background of the Study Statement of the Research Problem Research Objectives Hypothesis Significance/Scope of the Study Organization of the Study Research Methodology CHAPTER TWO Literature Review CHAPTER THREE Research Design Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECT OF OVERTIME ON EARLY CHILD EDUCATION IN SOME SELECTED PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN JARLINGO

Full Project – EFFECT OF OVERTIME ON EARLY CHILD EDUCATION IN SOME SELECTED PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN JARLINGO Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Early years in life are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. The year before a child reaches Kindergarten Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – ASSESSMENT OF CHALLENGES OF GIFTED CHILDREN

Full Project – ASSESSMENT OF CHALLENGES OF GIFTED CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Gifted children sit in class rooms bored and frustrated, they are left out and are not really benefiting from an equal educational opportunity as their peers, and their full potential is not considered. Effective management of children who are gifted and Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMO STATE GOVERNMENT EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL OBJECTIVES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – Imo State Government Extent of Implementation of the National Objectives for the Establishment of Pre-Primary Education Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Early childhood education is a starting point for a child’s development and the key foundation of the Nigerian Educational System. This type of education is recognized by the Nigeria National Policy Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA

Full Project – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT   The study investigated the relationship between parenting practices and attachment styles of pupils in early childhood education in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria. The study had nine objectives; nine hypotheses were formulated and tested. The Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT   Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT   ABSTRACT The study examined the relationship between parental roles and early childhood education and its development. A detailed literature was  reviewed in relevant subheadings. The descriptive research Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – IMPACT OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT This project was designed to research into the influence of parental background on the academic performance of children in selected school impact of parents educational background on the academic performance of their children in selected schools in Kaduna south Read more…

 

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE PERCEPTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL

Full Project – THE PERCEPTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract This study was on  the perception of early childhood education pre-service teachers on sustainable development (goal 4) The total population for the study is 200 selected residents in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 TO 6 YEARS CASE STUDY GASHUA IN YOBE STATE

Full Project – EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 TO 6 YEARS CASE STUDY GASHUA IN YOBE STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract This study was on Early childhood education and the importance of play in the development of children between 1 to 6 years case Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE IMPACT OF ABSENTEE PARENTHOOD ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – THE IMPACT OF ABSENTEE PARENTHOOD ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Children’ indiscipline is a problem that has become common in most of Nigerian primary schools. However, discipline of the children in primary schools is not an aspect of the school systems alone. Parents have a role to play in Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE IMPACT OF ORPHANAGE HOME ON CHILD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

Full Project – THE IMPACT OF ORPHANAGE HOME ON CHILD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.1  Background of the Study The orphanage home is one of the numerous social institution that have emerged over the year to carter for some of the social needs  of orphanage associated with such Read more…

 

  1. CHAPTER 1-5: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE. ANAMBRA STATE.

Chapter 1-5: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE. ANAMBRA STATE. Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT The research work has undertaken to find out the strategies for improving early childhood Education Programme in Federal college of Education (Technical) Umunze, Anambra State. The study was guided by four research Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF LEARNING CORNERS ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – IMPACT OF LEARNING CORNERS ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Young children learn best by experimenting with their environment through hands-on activities and play, which is why learning corners are such a vital part of the preschool Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECT OF LEARNING CENTRES ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – EFFECT OF LEARNING CENTRES ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Young children learn best by experimenting with their environment through hands-on activities and play, which is why learning centres are such a vital part of the preschool Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

FULL PROJECT – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Every child born into this world is a unique being. Even identical twins who have the same genetic endowment grow to become different personalities. At birth, one twin could be Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT 1-5 -TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA

Full Project 1-5 -TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT   This study examined the influence of teachers’ creativity on early childhood development in Abuja FCT Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study.  The sample size for the study were  Fifty (50) Read more…

 

  1. DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION ON THE PREVENTION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN LAGOS STATE

Download the Full Project – IMPACT OF FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION ON THE PREVENTION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER TWO   REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE   This chapter will present the review of related literature on the topic, Impact of family life and sex Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION IN PRE-NURSERY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS PLUS QUESTIONNAIRE

INFLUENCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION IN PRE-NURSERY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS plus Questionnaire Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT The study examined “Influence of Classroom management in early childhood care and education in Pre-Nursery Schools in Lagos.  The objectives of the study are to: Examine teacher classroom management styles in Nursery classes; Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON THE PUNCTUALITY AND STUDY HABITS AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ETI-OSA, LAGOS STATE

APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON THE PUNCTUALITY AND STUDY HABITS AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ETI-OSA, LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION   1.1       Background to the Study In Nigeria, the main instrument for social change is western education.  Education is the surest and greatest investment which a nation can depend Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – PATTERNS AND INCIDENCE OF CHILD ABUSE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN LAGOS METROPOLIS

PATTERNS AND INCIDENCE OF CHILD ABUSE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN LAGOS METROPOLIS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Child abuse has become a global problem that needs to be tackled if children are to be given the right to education and freedom. The issue of child abuse has Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – FACTORS MOTIVATING CAREER CHOICE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

FACTORS MOTIVATING CAREER CHOICE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Career choice, for most people, is a lifelong process of engaging the work world through choosing among employment opportunities made available to them. Each individual undertaking the process is influenced by many factors, including Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE (A study of five selected Secondary Schools in Somolu Local Government Area, Lagos) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Educational leaders play important role with the intension to make teaching and learning more effective and to give quality education to students. Most Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT-SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY

SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Viral hepatitis is a term commonly used for several clini­cally similar yet etiologically and epidemiologically distinct diseases. Hepatitis A (formerly called infectious hepatitis) and Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT- SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDUCATION DISTRICT II LAGOS STATE

SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDUCATION DISTRICT II LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Secondary education plays a crucial role of preparing students for higher education and useful living in Nigeria. It is considered by many Nigerians as education that would Read more…

 

 

  1. PROJECT-INFLUENCE OF PARENTS SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND CAREER ASPIRATION IN BASIC SCIENCE

INFLUENCE OF PARENTS SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND CAREER ASPIRATION IN BASIC SCIENCE  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION This study focused primarily at investigating and examining the influence of parents’ scientific background on students’ achievement and career aspiration in Basic science. This chapter is however presented under the following sub-headings: BACKGROUND TO Read more…

 

  1. PROJECT-SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY

SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Viral hepatitis is a term commonly used for several clini­cally similar yet etiologically and epidemiologically distinct diseases. Hepatitis A (formerly called infectious hepatitis) and Read more…

 

  1. THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN NIGERIA A STUDY OF YABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Information and communication technology is becoming a ubiquitous component of the physical and social worlds occupied by young children. It is an Read more…